Patan Durbar square is on the southern side from the Kathmandu and separating by the Bagmati River. The Patan Durbar Square was formed since 12th century, it has very unique an ancient history. At present, it is known as the city of fine metal carving. The city still dominates Nepal for metal items. It has some very impressive ancient names like Yala, Latipur and patan. Originally, it is still calling Lalitpur (the land of artist) and Durbar remaining at Patan. In Sanskrit Patan means animals grazing land, so easily we can understand that before modern civilization and Malla Dynasty were introducing their regimes, the site was open field and everyone from side living people could bring their cattle for grazing. Because of the ancient architecture, culture and tradition it is also assigned UNESCOs world heritage site. The ancient Malla Dynastic palace is full of very impressive different artful museum. Also Patan is known as the oldest Buddhist city but both the Buddhism and Hinduism prevail on perfect harmony. There are so many Bahals, pagoda design of temples, stupas and Monasteries.
What to see at patan
Krishna Mandir: this temple was built in the beginning of 16th century. The Krishna is being worship as the God of music and superrich. He is believed married with 1600 angels because of his mind blowing skills on flute playing. It is completely built on Shikhara design and fully with carving stones. The first floor carving represents some narrations of Mythical war Mahabharata and 2nd floor carving narrate the Ramayana.
Taleju Bhawani Temple: There are 3 Taleju bhavani temples; Taleju is private goddess for the Royal family. Only once in a year during Fulpati ordinary people can go and pray on the sanctum. On this occasion the Hindus scarify 108 animals except beef. This temple is believed that it is built in middle of 16th century.
Bhimsen Mandir :Bhimsen temple was built in the end of 16th century. Bhimsen is worshiped as the God of good business and trade. Bhimsen is renowned that he was a great hero during the Mahabharata war So he is also worship as brave and strong personality.
Vishwanath Temple: It was built in beginning of 16th century and dedicated to lord Shiva. The struts (supporting for the roof) are full of various posture of erotic carving.
The big bell: the bell was hung for homage and adoration to the lord but after the sudden time period it was using as ceremonial bell.
Golden Temple: this temple was built in 15th century and full of Buddhist culture and tradition. In the main yard of there is a temple with 12 wooden poles with each deity representing the months in a year and on the main sanctum there is statue of Shakyamuni Buddha. On the side wall there is wooden board is hanging which is known as Tibetan calendar format.
Kumbhesor Temple: this 5 storied temple is believed that built in end of 13th century. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is spring water pool on the side of this temple that is believed as Khumva. The temple is surrounded by Shiva Linga statue and Nandi also Bangala Mukhi temple.
Red Machhindranath temple: It was built in 17th century; it has very wonderful weird animals carvings.
Patan Museum, white Machhindranath, MahaBaudha, Rudravarna mahabihara and metal workshops etc.