Bhaktapur Durbar Square is 17 kilometers eastwards from Kathmandu is literally translated place of Devotees or the city of glories, elegant wood carving or Bhadgaun the city of rice field. Bhaktapur is largely populated by the ethnic Newar community among the 3 cities in Kathmandu valley. Bhadgaun became an independent city under the King Anand Malla in the 12th century and had made it own Durbar square with numbers of temples replete including features of erotic carving. The square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Mediaval Malla Dynasty. The golden effigies of kings perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the wood carvings in every place-strut, lintels, uprights, tympanums, gateways and windows, stone and metal artworks, pagoda styles temples these all make Bhaktapur well orchestrated symphony. Also it has very interesting culture traditions with several festivals, pottery and weaving industries. Thus, it is enlisted in UNESCOs cultural world heritage site in 1979. For the restoration and preservation of uniqueness of Bhaktapur the German-funded Bhaktapur Development Project is supporting.
What to see in Bhaktapur
1, Royal palace: including 55 windows palace (Build in 15th century). Golden gate, Bhupatindra Malla stone statue, Pashupati temple ( full of erotic), Royal bath center, Taleju bhavani temple, national art gallery with extensive collection of tantrick cloth paintings.
2, Pottery square: potters are doing this work since generation to generations, which you can see here in pottery square. Different items of potteries and grain laid out to dry in the sun also you will see locals are weaving basket and string for local skills.
3,Nyatapola Temple :Nyatapola temple (Siddhi Laxmi) is a 5-story pagoda design temple was erected by King Bhupatindra Malla during 5-months period from late 1701 into 1702.
Bhairavnath temple Bhairav is the dreadful aspect of Lord Shiva built by King Jagat Jyoti Malla
Dattatraya Temple: The temple of Dattatraya is as old as the Palace of Fifty-five Windows. Consecrated by King Yakshya Malla in 1427 AD, this temple, according to popular belief, was built out of the trunk of a single tree. It was subsequently repaired and renovated by King Vishwa Malla in 1458 AD
Peacock windows: These famous windows were carved during the reign of King Vishwa Malla, also on the same clustered building there is Bhaktapur wooden carving museum.
Ta Pukhu (Siddha Pokhari) :Ta Pukhu is a big rectangular water pond near the main city gate. It was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in the early 15th century.
Kailashnath Mahadev Statue: Kailashnath Mahadev is the Worlds Tallest Lord Shiva statue. The height of this statue is 143 feet height and is situated 20 km far from Kathmandu. It has been made of copper, cement, zinc, and steel.