Altitude sickness (acute mountain sickness) is difficult to sleep, dizziness, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, rapid pulse, nausea and vomiting etc. It affects mountains climbers, hikers and skiers are caused of lower air pressure and lower oxygen levels. It occurs as the result of failure to adapt to a higher altitude. It happens most often in the brains or in the longs after the fluid begins to leak from the blood vessels.
When the fluid collects in the brain, you initially get headache, loss of appetite, nausea, tiredness, want to lie down do nothing, decrease of consciousness, problem with balance coordination is called high – altitude cerebral edema (HACE). If fluid is collects in lungs, you become breathless, dry and irritative cough begins, coughing up blood, discoloration of skin and chest tightness is called high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE).
To prevent an acute mountain sickness; we have to avoid rapid altitude gaining, drinking enough water or fluid, acclimatization for adjust the body in higher altitude, avoid alcohol, eat regular meals, get higher and sleep at lower altitude, avoid high altitude if you have heart and lung disease. The main treatment for acute mountain sickness is to stop climbing or descend down to lower altitude if the symptoms highly occurred.